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Gum Problems during Pregnancy

There are many gum problems that women are more prone to experience during pregnancy:

Pregnancy Gingivitis- Affects almost 50% of all pregnant women. It is caused by bacteria that form colonies on your teeth and gums. Pregnancy hormones cause excessive reaction of the gums in contact with bacteria in the plaque. Your swollen gums act as a door that introduces bacteria into the rest of your body.

Periodontitis- Untreated gingivitis can progress into gum and bone disease-severe infection which destroys the bone and the fibers that keep teeth in place. It can cause premature loss of the teeth and it is linked to other health problems like heart disease, strokes, diabetes, Alzheimer’s, impotence, fertility problems as well as premature babies at low birth weight.

Pregnancy tumours- These tumours can make it hard to speak, eat and swallow and may cause pain or discomfort.


  • bleeding gums when brushing/flossing

  • gums are red, swollen, and tender

  • gums are pulled away from the teeth

  • pus between the teeth/gums

  • permanent teeth are loose/separating

  • persistent bad breath

If one or more of these signs apply to you, bring it to the attention of your Dental Hygienist


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